Chlorine dating and the bluestones of Stonehenge

Palaeoseismology on the Bolvadin Fault: From past to present Geothermal development in Afyonkarahisar. Destructive Earthquakes History of western Anatolia during the last 15 ka. Swiss Geoscience Meeting, A reactivated and deep-seated structure since the Miocene. Holocene Time-slip history of normal fault scarps in western Turkey: Is an inherited structure responsible for seismic activity in western Anatolia? Determination of paleoseismic activity over a large time-scale: Fault scarp dating with 36Cl.


Cosmogenic Exposure Dating and the Age of the Earth Cosmogenic nuclides are nuclides formed by the interaction of ‘target’ atoms with cosmic radiation. Such nuclides are formed in space, in the atmosphere e. The accumulation of cosmogenic nuclides in minerals at or near the earth’s surface provides a basis for exposure ‘dating‘ of landforms, the quantification of erosion rates, and other geologic applications Bierman, ; Cerling and Craig, ; Gosse and Phillips, Independent evidence discussed below strongly suggests that production rates of these nuclides have remained constant or nearly so, validating their use in geochronometry.

This essay focuses on cosmogenic exposure dating, a method of dating rock surfaces which has been compared to using the redness of someone’s skin in order to estimate the duration of exposure to sunlight an analogy attributed to Edward Evenson; Gosse and Phillips,

I am also applying in situ 14C in concert with long-lived CNs such as 10Be, 26Al, and 36Cl to investigate complex exposure scenarios, particularly involving glacial advance and retreat.

Thus the research aims are to discover the controlling factors of solutional voids in feldspars and to predict favorable regions for these voids Remove from marked Records The plagioclase feldspars as an index to soil It is suggested that the Ca: Na ratio of a soil where silt or sand The abundant production of in situ cosmogenic 36Cl from potassium renders 36Cl measurements in K-rich rocks or minerals, such as K-feldspars, The Isomorphism and Thermal Properties of the Feldspars

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I study how landscapes are shaped by climate and tectonics over geological timescales. Much of this work applies cosmogenic radionuclides and computational modelling to sedimentary environments with the aim to gauge rates of erosion, transport and deposition. Inspiring to the end, Leah and I visited him in July to work on some cosmo data from central Oz — and for a final salute. At his election to the Australian Academy of Sciences in

Sclerophyton occidentale Herre is lectotypified on the lichenicolous fungus present in the type specimen and becomes a younger synonym of Sclerococcum parasiticum.

Cave and Karst Science, Vol. Transactions of the British Cave Research Asso Transactions of the British Cave Research Association. Terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide 10 Be surface-exposure ages are reported for three glacially-transported gritstone boulders and one glacially-scoured exposure of gritstone bedrock in the vicinity of Stump Cross Caverns, North Yorkshire.

Although the ages do not form a statistically consistent cluster, three of them nevertheless indicate that the transport and deposition of boulders was by ice of the last Late Devensian glaciation. The ages provide evidence for glacier ice at the Wharfe—Nidd interfluve, in contrast to previously held views that these uplands had remained above the level of the last ice sheet.

This is consistent both with surface-exposure ages from sites elsewhere around the southern margin of the Yorkshire Dales and with uranium-series dated speleothems in Stump Cross Caverns. Cave shaft sediments in northwest England associated with the 9. Both the opening of the cave shaft to the surface and its infilling by clastic sediments are attributable to accelerated landscape erosion associated with the 9.

Derek Fabel

PowerPoint PPT presentation free to download 1. These radionuclides are produced by nuclear reactions between cosmic rays and PowerPoint PPT presentation free to download New directions in limnology and oceangraphy using cosmogenic radionuclides. At Svedberg Laboratory Sweden: PowerPoint PPT presentation free to download A multi-scale approach to understanding desert piedmonts using cosmogenic PowerPoint PPT presentation free to download

Studia Geomorphologica Carpatho-Balcanica 35, 7—

Evaluating cosmogenic exposure dating based on an analysis of compiled boulder exposure ages. Erosion rates of the Quadrilatero Ferrifero escarpment, Brazil, derived from cosmogenic nuclides. View ‘Cosmic-ray exposure history and pre-atmospheric size of the Mifflin L5 condrite. Insights into the pattern and processes of active deformation adjacent to the Sichuan Basin. Fluvial terraces along the Yellow River, Lanzhou, China.

Land surface hydrology at an elusive scale with cosmic rays. A 4 My erosion chronosequence from South Africa Invited. Cosmic-ray exposure age, preatmospheric mass, and bulk density of asteroid TC3. Earthquake Hazard to the Panama Canal.


Published – 1 Feb Abstract Geological surface-exposure dating using cosmogenic-nuclide accumulation became a practical geochronological endeavor in , when the utility of 10Be, 26Al, 36Cl, and 3He were all demonstrated. The goal of the CRONUS-Earth Project was to improve the accuracy and precision of terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide dating in general, focusing especially on nuclide production rates and their variation with altitude, latitude, and time, and to attempt to move from empirically based methods to ones with a stronger basis in physics.

The CRONUS-Earth Project conducted extensive intercomparisons of reference materials to attempt to quantify analytical reproducibility at the community level. We found that stated analytical uncertainties nearly always underestimate the actual degree of variability, as quantified by the over-all coefficient of variation of the intercalibration data.

Both interlaboratory bias and within-laboratory excess spread of the data played a role in increasing variability above the stated analytical uncertainties. The physical basis for cosmogenic nuclide production was investigated through numerical modeling and the measurement of energy-dependent neutron cross sections for nuclide interactions.

The exposure ages should increase from bottom to top, and the should cluster into discrete groups or steps representing the episodic nature of faulting events.

Geology 10Be terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide dating of alluvial surfaces in the Coachella Valley, southern California, shows two alluvial fan surfaces with ages of When combined with additional fan dates from the Mojave and Sonoran Desert climatic regimes, statistically relevant episodes of fan production in southern California and Baja California were identified by mean standard weighted deviance analysis.

Three major episodes have been identified at These correlate well with the first 2 ka of glacial advance with the Sierra Nevada as established by dating of moraines and rock flour analysis of lake cores from Owens Lake. These data suggest that regional climate rather than global climate or local tectonics influences the production, transport, and deposition of sediment onto fan surfaces in the Sonoran and Colorado Deserts. Regional data on the ages of fan surfaces highlights a temporal link between the initiation of glacial advance and fan production.

Global climate changes initiate Sierra Nevada glaciations which in turn produce a response in sedimentary processes over regional-scale areas. This suggests changes in regional climate initiate fan production when sediment is mobilized due to increased rainfall, before vegetation anchors sediment. Furthermore, the model focused upon transitions into more humid climate appropriate for the Sonoran and Colorado Deserts may be applicable to areas of similar arid climate where precipitation levels clearly control the abundance of vegetation but not globally, and so a unifying global model for fan formation may not be possible.

Riverbluff Cave

As expected for such a microinterface, the regime for mass transport depends on the scan rate of voltammetry, low scan rates being characterized by steady-state currents corresponding to radial diffusion; faster sweeps give rise to conventional cyclic voltammograms, from linear diffusion. This has been used as an electrochemical method for the study of tetraalkylammonium picrates at interfaces between water and immiscible solvents nitrobenzene, 1,2-dichloroethane.

When the organic solvent is DCE, the estimation of ionic interactions is risky in such a poorly dissociating medium; the microhole interface works well however, showing the influence of the medium on solvation of the cations and on the extraction of the picrates. Regression of the Lake Pannon from the southernmost part of the study area is evidenced after 8.

This is an ideal situation for the application of cosmogenic dating techniques, since the the cratering event would quickly exposure previously shielded rock to the cosmic ray flux, and since the morphology of the crater itself indicates only a small amount of erosion.

The Dating Process Cosmogenic Burial Dating Over the last decade in-situ-produced cosmogenic nuclides such as 26Al, 10Be and 36Cl have been increasingly used to date glacial landforms. This method has been checked by other dating techniques Grainger and and has been proven to be effective. There are two main requirements for this technique to be useful.

First there must be quartz present in the sediment for the nuclides to be created by the neutron spallation of quartz and second the quartz must be buried deep enough for neutron spallation to stop. Normally sediment above 5 meters in depth encounters is not acceptable for this type of technique. By measuring the different decay rates of 10 Be with a half life of 1. This constant decay rate is also matched by a constant production ratio. The 26Al nuclide produces six times faster than 10Be nuclide which makes calculating decay rates less tenuous.

The results of the cosmogenic testing resulted in a sequential set of dates. The field and laboratory preparation was performed by David Gaunt in association with Dr. Rovey at Southwest Missouri State University. The isotope dating was conducted by Dr.

Jane Willenbring – Cosmogenic Nuclide Applications

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