Powerpoints and notes
This episode’s plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed. Please help improve it by removing unnecessary details and making it more concise. Noticing that the lighthouse isn’t functioning properly, the Fourth Doctor decides to investigate, as well as to ask for directions, as the TARDIS seems to have got ‘lost in the fog’. Upon arrival at the lighthouse, and after introducing themselves, the Doctor discovers the dead body of one of the keepers, Ben. The other two keepers, old superstitious Reuben and the keen young Vince Hawkins, report that a light fell from the sky near the island. They also explain the electricity flow to the lamp on the lighthouse has become erratic and the Doctor deduces something is feeding on the flow. Reuben does not help matters with his constant references to the mythical Beast of Fang Rock, which reputedly once terrorised the lighthouse.
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Downing’s forthcoming book, Heavy Duty: Downing’s autobiography is due for release on September 18th via Da Capo Press. Downing has released a shot of the back cover of the book, which can be viewed below.
Their later stuff I just found boring.
Park University paleobotanist Patty Ryberg and her colleagues are uncovering the fossilized remains of a lush forest that thrived in the Antarctic Circle some million years ago during the Permian period. One type of tree, called glossopterids, dominated much of a supercontinent. Then they vanished in a geological instant. One suspect behind several mass extinctions is a kind of enormous volcanic zone called a large igneous province, or LIP.
Picture a flattish, layer cake-like volcano big enough to cover a country — or a continent. Amid the seemingly endless oozing lava, its internal plumbing system rips open miles-deep cracks like something from a bombastic action flick.
Oldest Fragment of Early Earth is 4. John Valley, University of Wisconsin Ever heard this life advice? When solving a big problem seems impossible, break it into smaller steps. Well, scientists just took one of geology’s biggest controversies and shrunk it down to atomic size. By zapping single atoms of lead in a tiny zircon crystal from Australia, researchers have confirmed the crystal is the oldest rock fragment ever found on Earth — 4. The findings were published today Feb.
The differences actually found in the scientific literature are usually close to the margin of error, usually a few percent, not orders of magnitude!
There is a guest cello quartet which includes Mr. The great Florian Fricke adds some moog as well. So it’s no surprise that this double album is slow going. Funny but I much prefer it to the previous album “Alpha Centauri”. Cellos before 3 minutes as other spacey sounds come in, they come and go. They’re checking us out. They leave as we continue to drift along in space. Organ comes in late with haunting winds Florian letting us know that it’s time to get out of here.
The atmosphere is getting darker and thicker, it’s hard to breathe. Something is coming but it passes by, another one arrives and lingers but eventually leaves too. They say there’s nothing to fear but fear itself, but fear seems to be everywhere right now. It’s eerie 9 minutes in and the space creatures have returned.
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Reference to a case where the given method did not work This is perhaps the most common objection of all. Creationists point to instances where a given method produced a result that is clearly wrong, and then argue that therefore all such dates may be ignored. Such an argument fails on two counts: First, an instance where a method fails to work does not imply that it does not ever work. The question is not whether there are “undatable” objects, but rather whether or not all objects cannot be dated by a given method.
Polar ice core layers, counting back yearly layers, consist of the following:
Everything Worth Knowing About Scientific Dating Methods This dating scene is dead. The good dates are confirmed using at least two different methods, ideally involving multiple independent labs for each method to cross-check results. Sometimes only one method is possible, reducing the confidence researchers have in the results. Methods fall into one of two categories: These methods — some of which are still used today — provide only an approximate spot within a previously established sequence: Think of it as ordering rather than dating.
One of the first and most basic scientific dating methods is also one of the easiest to understand. Paleontologists still commonly use biostratigraphy to date fossils, often in combination with paleomagnetism and tephrochronology. A submethod within biostratigraphy is faunal association: Sometimes researchers can determine a rough age for a fossil based on established ages of other fauna from the same layer — especially microfauna, which evolve faster, creating shorter spans in the fossil record for each species.
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Abiogenesis and Evolutionary history of life Phylogenetic tree of life on Earth based on rRNA analysis Chemical reactions led to the first self-replicating molecules about four billion years ago. A half billion years later, the last common ancestor of all life arose. The resultant molecular oxygen O2 accumulated in the atmosphere and due to interaction with ultraviolet solar radiation, formed a protective ozone layer O3 in the upper atmosphere. Aided by the absorption of harmful ultraviolet radiation by the ozone layer, life colonized Earth’s surface.
Like sharing their better halves with other women, or fucking their girlfriends at the request of their husbands.
Leonard and Phil Chess Engineered by: No, this is not up there with After School Session or Berry is on Top but this Chuck Berry album, his first after being released from prison for having violated the Mann Act transporting minors across state lines to have sex and issued as Beatlemania swept the world, has plenty of hits along with a lot of filler. The Beatles, The Stones and of course The Beach Boys, helped popularize Berry’s classics that were hits back in the s, so with the album title and Beatles references in “Go Bobby Soxer,” Berry was trying to engage a younger generation himself.
He really didn’t have an album’s worth of solid material, so in addition to charting hits like the “Memphis,Tennessee” sequel “Little Marie,” “No Particular Place to Go,” “Promise d Land” and “You Never Can Tell,” there’s filler like “Brenda Lee,” a pair of instrumentals—one dating from the s—and the holiday novelty hit “Merry Christmas Baby. Here, your ears will sink into the Berry grooves, the trademarked licks and the familiar chord turnarounds and they’ll want to stay there, aided by the spectacularly natural, unprocessed Chess Studios sound.
Backed by Matt “Guitar” Murphy, Johnnie Johnson on piano, Willie Dixon on bass and other members of the Chess studio team, Berry knocks off these tunes with good humor intact, moving easily between blues, jazz and straight forward rock. Perhaps you’ll hear a few Berry gestures that probably influenced Jimi Hendrix. I think you’ll be floored by the South Michigan Avenue sound, probably recorded to 4 track.
They Loved You, Peggy Sue: Behind The Name Fused To Rock History : NPR
The green rock found in Morocco last year may be the first known visitor from the solar system’s innermost planet, according to meteorite scientist Anthony Irving, who unveiled the new findings this month at the 44th annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference in The Woodlands, Texas. NWA is actually a group of 35 meteorite samples discovered in in Morocco. They are ancient, with Irving and his team dating the rocks to an age of about 4. Meteorites from Mars are imbued with some Martian atmosphere, making them somewhat simple to tell apart from other rocks.
Space rocks from Vesta, one of the largest asteroids in the solar system, are also chemically distinct, but NWA does not resemble any space rock documented by scientists today. Irving thinks that the meteoritewas created and eventually ejected from a planet or other body that had flowing magma on its surface at some point in its history.
I can’t take my whole persona as a singer back then very seriously.
By Nola Taylor Redd, Space. By dating the rocks in the ever-changing crust, as well as neighbors such as the moon and visiting meteorites, scientists have calculated that Earth is 4. How old are your rocks? Several attempts to scientifically date the planet have occurred over the past years. Scientists attempted to predict the age based on changing sea levels, the time it took for Earth or the sun to cool to present temperatures, and the salinity of the ocean.
As science progressed, these methods were proven to be unreliable; for instance, the rise and fall of the ocean was shown to be an ever-changing process rather than a gradually declining one. In an effort to calculate the age of the planet, scientists turned to the rocks that cover its surface. However, because plate tectonics constantly changes and revamps the crust, the first rocks have long since been recycled, melted down and reformed into new outcrops.